Letter from Richard K. Campbell, United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Naturalization to Oswald T. Avery
Born in Canada and a subject of Great Britain, Avery became a U.S. citizen as a result of his service in the U.S. Army Medical
Corps. This letter accompanied Avery's certificate of naturalization.
Number of Image Pages:
1 (93,402 Bytes)
ca. 16 July 1920
Campbell, Richard K.
United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Naturalization
Avery, Oswald T.
Original Repository: Tennessee State Library and Archives. Oswald T. Avery Papers
This item is in the public domain. It may be used without permission.
From Physician to Researcher: Early Laboratory Career and World War I, 1904-1919
[Oswald Avery's Certificate of Naturalization] (August 1, 1918)
JUL 16 1920
1. Your Government takes great pleasure in placing in your hands as an honorably discharged citizen soldier your certificate
of naturalization as an American citizen. It welcomes you into the citizenship of the Nation. Because you patriotically
responded to the call to arms when the services of millions of men were needed to safeguard Democracy, the Congress arranged
through the courts and the Bureau of Naturalization to have immediately granted to you the highest privilege that any government
can confer upon men, American citizenship. No declaration of intention ("first citizenship paper") was required of
2. If you had not been in the military service, a first paper and a wait of over two years would have been required before
you could have become a citizen. During this time, the public-school classes in English and citizenship would have been open
to you to learn to speak, read, and write our language and to secure a better understanding of the principles of the Constitution
of the United States to which you have sworn you are attached. Because of your loyalty to our Government you joined the Army
and were denied this opportunity of going to the public schools.
3. Many of our soldiers did not have a chance to secure a good education before entering the Amy. Your Government, through
the Bureau of Naturalization, now desires to extend to you a most cordial invitation to join the public-school classes now
being held throughout the United States, if you are in need of instruction in these matters, and knows that you will regard
this as a duty you owe to your country just as you did your entrance into the Army. The better educated you become, the more
useful citizen you will be.
4. Please show this letter to the teacher in your nearest public school building and when you have joined a class, write
to the Bureau that you have done so as it is interested in your welfare and success.