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The Michael Heidelberger Papers

Title:
Studies on the Precipitin Reaction: Precipitating Haptens; Species Differences in Antibodies pdf (556,928 Bytes) ocr (16,276 Bytes)
Studies on the Precipitin Reaction: Precipitating Haptens; Species Differences in Antibodies
Description:
After moving to Columbia University, Heidelberger turned his focus to studying the chemical nature of antibodies, mainly attempting to prove that they were proteins. As such, Heidelberger surmised that using polysaccharide antigens of pneumococcus that he had identified with Oswald T. Avery would be perfect experimental agents, for any nitrogen present in the precipitate would be a chemical constituent of the antibody (proteins contain nitrogen, pneumococcal polysaccharides do not). Unfortunately, the low molecular weight of pneumococcal haptens (small molecules, not antigenic by themselves, that can react with antibodies of appropriate specificity and elicit the formation of such antibodies when attached to a larger antigenic molecule, such as a polysaccharide or protein) made it difficult to find a serum in which to conduct experiments, as the rabbit serum that immunologists universally used at the time did not properly react to such small quantities of hapten. In this article, Kendall and Heidelberger proposed that horse serum might be more suitable because horses appeared to form antibodies in reaction to type III pneumococcal haptens even when the haptens were present in minute quantities.
Item is a photocopy.
Number of Image Pages:
7 (556,928 Bytes)
Date:
1933-03 (March 1933)
Creator:
Heidelberger, Michael
Kendall, Forrest E.
Source:
Periodical: Heidelberger, Michael, and Forrest E. Kendall. "Studies on the Precipitin Reaction: Precipitating Haptens; Species Differences in Antibodies." Journal of Experimental Medicine 57, 3 (March 1933): 373-379. Article. 7 Images.
Publisher:
[Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research]
Rights:
Reproduced from the Journal of Experimental Medicine, 1933, 57, 373-379 by copyright permission of the Rockefeller University Press.
Subject:
Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):
Antibodies
Antigen-Antibody Reactions
Precipitins
Haptens
Exhibit Category:
Antigens and Antibodies: Heidelberger and The Rise of Quantitative Immunochemistry, 1928-1954
Unique Identifier:
DHBBBQ
Document Type:
Articles
Language:
English
Format:
application/pdf
image/tif
Physical Condition:
Good
Folder: [Selected articles collected by NLM]
Metadata Last Modified Date:
2006-05-31
Linked Data:
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