Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Immunologists, March 16, 1948, at Convention Hall, Atlantic City,
At the height of McCarthyism and Cold War tensions, the American Association of Immunologists at its 1948 annual meeting passed
this resolution protesting accusations of communist sympathies among scientists by the House Un-American Activities Committee.
At the same meeting Heidelberger was elected president of the association.
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1948-03-16 (March 16, 1948)
Reproduced with permission of the American Association of Immunologists.
Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):
Antigens and Antibodies: Heidelberger and The Rise of Quantitative Immunochemistry, 1928-1954
Minutes of the Annual Meeting of The American Association of Immunologists
March 16, 1948 at Convention Hall
Atlantic City, New Jersey
The following officers were elected:
President: Dr. Michael Heidelberger
Vice-President: Dr. Lloyd D. Felton
Secretary: Dr. Jules Freund
Treasurer: Dr. Jules Freund
New Councillor: Dr. Thomas Francis, Jr.
Dr. Coca was elected Honorary President
The election of members and emeritus members proposed by the Council was confirmed.
A protest against the treatment of Dr. Condon was formulated as a protest of the American Association of Immunologists. The
protest formulated by the Council was slightly modified and now reads as follows:
At the meeting of the American Association of Immunologists held in Atlantic City, N.J. on March 16, 1948 the following resolution
RESOLVED: That the American Association of Immunologists deplores the accusations made against American scientists by the
Sub-committee of the House Un-American Activities Committee. At a time when there is increasing need for scientists of the
highest caliber in the Government service, we regret the use of methods which lack the elements of fair play inherent in the
American concept of democracy and resemble more the very tactics of those foes of democracy the Committee is striving to guard
It was decided that the Secretary should send letters to the members containing this protest and ask them whether they approve
of sending this protest in the name of the Association. In addition 3 copies of the protest should be sent to each member
to enable them to send on such protest to their Representative if they wish to do so, not as a member of the Society but as
individuals at their discretion.