Letter from Simon Flexner, Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research to Michael Heidelberger
In this letter, Flexner, the long-time director of the Rockefeller Institute and Heidelberger's former boss, acknowledged
Heidelberger's criticism of experimental evidence on the use of antiserum to type III pneumococcus presented by Hugh K.
Ward, an immunologist at Harvard University Medical School, in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, vol. 55 (1932). Flexner
compared Heidelberger's meticulous and painstaking quantitative studies of antibody-antigen reactions to the skills of
"a fine Swiss watchmaker." He also expressed his and Heidelberger's shared interest in classical music performances.
Number of Image Pages:
1 (49,056 Bytes)
1932-05-02 (May 2, 1932)
Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research
Courtesy of Michael Heidelberger.
The National Library of Medicine's Profiles in Science
program has made every effort to secure proper permissions
for posting items on the web site. In this instance, however,
it has either not been possible to identify or contact the
current copyright owner.
If you have information regarding the copyright owner,
please contact us at
Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):
Antigens and Antibodies: Heidelberger and The Rise of Quantitative Immunochemistry, 1928-1954
Letter from Michael Heidelberger to Simon Flexner, Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (April 21, 1932)
I am extremely glad to have your criticism of Ward's paper. I can easily see now the difference between your minutely
quantitative studies and the very rough ones of Ward. It's all the difference between a fine Swiss watchmaker and the
machine which turns out Ingersolls.
It is a fair question, too, I think, whether Ward actually understands the complex mechanisms he is dealing with. If you
do not mind, I will show the letter to Rous, etc.
Helen has written Nina about the Philadelphia Orchestra tickets for next year. It is a great disappointment to us, but Helen
has become so sensitive to colds that we have concluded very reluctantly to give up the concerts. We both thank you and Nina
very much for offering us the tickets again and for all the years you let us have them.