The Michael E. DeBakey Papers
- [Michael DeBakey receiving the Legion of Merit Award from Surgeon General Norman Thomas Kirk]
High resolution version (29,560,901 Bytes)
- The Legion of Merit was established by an Act of Congress in July 1942, and it was the first U.S. decoration that could be
awarded to citizens of other nations. It could be awarded for combat or noncombat services, and served to recognize those
"who shall have distinguished themselves by exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services."
DeBakey received the award for his contributions toward the development of auxiliary surgical groups, later called mobile
army surgical hospital (MASH) units. Norman Thomas Kirk, a native of Maryland, graduated from the University of Maryland
in 1910, and proceeded to become a well-known military surgeon. During World War I he worked at Walter Reed General Hospital
in Washington, DC, and is credited with having treated at least one third of major amputations performed during the war.
He provided valuable service at various hospitals throughout the country and headed a hospital for specialized treatment of
soldiers during World War II. In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Kirk Surgeon General, and under his guidance
"the U.S. Army in World War II achieved a record of recovery from wounds and freedom from disease never before accomplished
in history." Many years later, in August 1960, DeBakey operated on Kirk's aneurysm, but Kirk died a week later. Other
individuals in this photo have not been identified.
- Number of Image Pages:
- 1 (284,514 Bytes)
- Courtesy of Katrin DeBakey.
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- Exhibit Category:
- From Tulane School of Medicine to the U.S. Army, 1928-1946
- Box Number:
- Unique Identifier:
- Document Type:
- Photographic prints
- Physical Condition:
- Series: Photographs and Artworks, [ca. 1908]-2007
- SubSeries: Personal Photographs, [ca. 1908]-1991
- Folder: In Army Uniform, 1944-ca. 1946
- Metadata Last Modified Date:
- Linked Data: