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Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):
Postwar Work and Retirement, 1945-1956
Box Number: 30
Folder Number: 8
Reflections on Governments, and India.
What is the underlying force in maintaining the more enduring human institutions? Is it not that long term undertakings require
stability to be brought to a successful end? The purpose of many of the most important human institutions is to provide such
stability. As examples the stability needed to raise children calls for the institution of marriage, the stability needed
to reap where you have sown and cultivated calls for ownership and leasing of real property, the stability needed for manufacture
and distribution has given rise to such institutions as banks and [. . .] credit. Government has as one of its primary functions
the maintenance of stability for institutions that provide stability for long term undertakings.
As a consequence of these facts stable government plays a role as important to welfare as agriculture and medicine, and is,
I suspect, as much involved in the growth of populations as in agricultural or medical science. Certainly agricultural and
medical science can be applied only as long as government is stable and favorable. In those countries where government is
in a stable equilibrium thanks to the cooperation of the governed, advances in medicine and agriculture and technology appear
to be the more direct causes of welfare and growth of population.
Now what happens when one people "A" supplies to another people "B" both governmental stability and the scientific
knowledge that permits population growth? The population increases whether this stability is given in the name of Empire or
Point Force. And it will continue to increase up to the capacity or tolerance of the givers to keep on giving.
Unless the receiving population learns how both to govern and to help itself it merely remains at the mercy of those who supply
the very skill and the knowledge that make population growth both possible and inevitable. Both of these causes independence,
starvation or continued dependence. With starvation come the bitterest recrimination and indignation. Continuing dependence
also causes resentment and increasing dependence and fear.
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If we can't find programs that help India and Pakistan explicitly to become independent, and certainly independent of
us, then I think they had best be left to their own primary problem of learning to rule and educate themselves.