In this memo on "opportunities outside the large universities," Gregg cites Emile Brumpt, Leonard Colebrook, Elton
Mayo, and Albert Szent-Gyorgyi.
Number of Image Pages:
3 (142,581 Bytes)
1937-11-29 (November 29, 1937)
Original Repository: Rockefeller Archive Center. Rockefeller Foundation Archives
Reproduced with permission of the Rockefeller Foundation.
Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):
Research Support as Topic
"Notes on Giving"
Date: November 29, 1937
Subject: Opportunities outside the large universities
On the question of able minds whose work the Foundation is able to aid and who would probably have been neglected by the great
universities there are the following remarks to be made.
Science itself is moving and changing, new opportunities present themselves and in many instances these new opportunities
are better recognized by foundations than by the universities themselves. Suggestions come from men in - universities but
usually university credits are frozen, and extremely little money is available for new enterprises. If large funds were to
be turned over to universities, it would be a matter of a very short time before the freedom of maneuver would be consumed
by recurrent demands of existing services. Furthermore it has been the experience of officers again and again that they have
been asked by presidents and committees in universities for information regarding able individuals elsewhere in the country
or in the world. There is a certain falsity in regarding university "centers". How can a university center be defined
without reference to its periphery, i.e. the smaller colleges and universities which contribute to it? Recruitment of personnel
which disregards the periphery deserves the term "inbreeding." Some smaller institutions must be of relative good
quality and in relatively fair numbers. Furthermore the officers have found in some of the large universities a willingness
that amounts to desire to have the foundations step in in their own capacity to give extra aid to especially able individuals.
There is, furthermore, the fact that a number of the Foundation's activities: are not connected with universities and
in such activities the university is not the proper organization.
Citing illustrations of the above points:
Dartmouth College asked for aid to Ames and physiological optics, which could not have been obtained from its ordinary budget.
Harry Murray at Harvard represents a development in psychology which would not have taken place at the instance of the present
Department of Psychology there.
Brumpt in parasitology in Paris is a far better man in his field than the University of Paris recognizes financially.
The development of Mayo's work in industrial psychology at Harvard would have been impossible without Foundation aid.
The Harvard School of Business Administration has become completely converted from an attitude of indifference to one of lively
Ranson at Northwestern is doing work better than that university has recognized, and the same is true of Wolff at Cornell
The Foundation's activity in the development of sex research through the National Research Council, in schools of public
health and in the London School of Tropical Medicine did not come at the instance of universities as such but on the initiative
virtually of the Foundation. The same may be said in considerable measure of the improvement in medical education in the United
As examples of able individuals not within important institutions are:
Granit in physiology at Helsingfors
Szent-Gyorgyi at Szeged - Nobel prize winner
Ebaugh in psychiatry at the University of Colorado.
It may be further noted that it is not accurate to assume that all able youngsters will turn up in large end rich institutions,
nor will necessarily be able to nor inclined to report thereto.
Of the non-University activities where the Foundation is able to do research work which would not be done by a university
could be cited Leonard Colebrook's work at Queen Charlotte's Hospital, Goldstein's work at Montefiore Hospital,
R. A. Fisher at the Galton Institute, Penrose at Colchester, the National Research Committee on Drug Addiction, Dayton's
work in Massachusetts State Department of Mental Diseases, National Committee for Mental Hygiene, and Lorente de No at the
Central Institute for the Deaf at St. Louis.
In ordinary times the university budgets leave extremely narrow margin for new formulations and new developments, especially
in regard to research work. Individuals in the universities are conscious of this immobilization. It is one of the principal
services of the Foundation to provide funds wherewith advances can be made, and it is extremely important furthermore that
great ability existing outside the knowledge of faculties of universities be recognized and freed to do valuable work.