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The Marshall W. Nirenberg Papers

Title:
Laboratory project: "Acetylcholine Receptor-Mediated Regulation of Adenylate Cyclase in Hybrid Cells" pdf (137,322 Bytes) transcript of pdf
Laboratory project: "Acetylcholine Receptor-Mediated Regulation of Adenylate Cyclase in Hybrid Cells"
Description:
Summary of work on this project as indicated on the report: "The activity of adenylate cyclase in neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid NG108-15 cells is regulated by the interaction of acetylcholine and its analogues with the muscarinic acetylcholine receptors of the cells. Addition of the acetylcholine analogue carbamylcholine inhibits adenylate cyclase activity. However, growth of cells with carbachol results in a prolonged increase in adenylate cyclase activity. Adenylate cyclase activity increases slowly and after 18-24 hours is 1.5-3 times higher than control values. Intracellular cAMP is also 1.5-3 -fold times higher in carbachol-grown cells than in controls. These changes are maintained for at least three days in the presence of carbachol, but the activity returns to control values if carbachol is removed."
Item is a photocopy.
Number of Image Pages:
2 (137,322 Bytes)
Date:
1976-09 (September 1976)
Creator:
Nirenberg, Marshall W.
Nathanson, Neil M.
National Heart and Lung Institute. Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics
Rights:
This item is in the public domain. It may be used without permission.
Exhibit Categories:
From Neuroblastoma to Homeobox Genes, 1976-1992
Neuroblastoma Research, 1967-1976
Relation:
Metadata Record Annual Report of the Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics, October 1, 1975 - September 30, 1976 (September 1976)
Box Number:
31 of 31
Unique Identifier:
JJBBNX
Accession Number:
2001-020
Document Type:
Reports
Excerpts
Language:
English
Format:
application/pdf
image/tif
Physical Condition:
Good
Transcript:
Project Number: Z01 HL 00016-01 LBG
Period Covered: July 1, 1975 through June 30, 1976
Title of Project: Acetylcholine Receptor-Mediated Regulation of Adenylate Cyclase in Hybrid Cells
Names, Laboratory and Institute Affiliations, and Titles of principal Investigators and All Other Professional Personnel Engaged on the Project:
PI: Marshall Nirenberg, Chief, Lab. of Biochem. Genetics, LBG NHLI
Neil M. Nathanson, Guest Worker, LBG NHLI
Cooperating Units (if any): Muscular Dystrophy Association
Lab/Branch: Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics
Section: Section on Molecular Biology
Institute and Location: NHLI, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20014
Total Man Years: 1.05
Professional: 1.05
Summary of Work: The activity of adenylate cyclase in neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid NG108-15 cells is regulated by the interaction of acetylcholine and its analogues with the muscarinic acetylcholine receptors of the cells. Addition of the acetylcholine analogue carbamylcholine inhibits adenylate cyclase activity. However, growth of cells with carbachol results in a prolonged increase in adenylate cyclase activity. Adenylate cyclase activity increases slowly and after 18-24 hours is 1.5-3 times higher than control values. Intracellular cAMP is also 1.5-3-fold higher in carbachol-grown cells than in controls. These changes are maintained for at least three days in the presence of carbachol, but the activity returns to control values if carbachol is removed.
Project Description:
Objectives: The objective of this project is to study muscarinic acetylcholine-receptor mediated regulation of adenylate cyclase activity, in an attempt to understand how neurotransmitter-receptor interactions modulate synaptic transmission.
Major Findings: The activity of adenylate cyclase in neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid NG108-15 cells is regulated by the interaction of acetylcholine and its analogues with the muscarinic acetylcholine receptors of the cells. Addition of the acetylcholine analogue carbamylcholine inhibits adenylate cyclase activity. However, growth of cells with carbachol-results in a prolonged increase in adenylate cyclase activity. Adenylate cyclase activity increases slowly and after 18-24 hours is 1.5-3 times higher than control values. Intracellular cAMP is also 1.5-3-fold higher in carbachol-grown cells than in controls. These changes are maintained for at least three days in the presence of carbachol, but the activity returns to control values if carbachol is removed.
Significance to Biomedical Research: The results obtained suggest that neurotransmitter-receptor interactions can exert long-lived effects on macro-molecules required for synaptic transmission.
Proposed Course: Work on this project will be incorporated into other projects in the coming year.
Metadata Last Modified Date:
2010-10-04
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