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The Marshall W. Nirenberg Papers

Title:
Laboratory project: "Acetylcholine Receptors in the Developing Nervous System" pdf (145,626 Bytes) transcript of pdf
Laboratory project: "Acetylcholine Receptors in the Developing Nervous System"
Description:
Summary of work for this project as indicated on the report: "The goal of this project is to define the properties of muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors of chick embryo retina before and after synaptogenesis in the retina. Thus far we have elucidated (1) the specificity and affinities of muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors for cholinergic agonists and antagonists, (2) the number of receptors were defined as a function of developmental age of the retina, and (3) the location of nicotinic receptors within the retina was determined."
Item is a photocopy.
Number of Image Pages:
2 (145,626 Bytes)
Date:
1976-09 (September 1976)
Creator:
Nirenberg, Marshall W.
Sugiyama, Hiroyuki
National Heart and Lung Institute. Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics
Rights:
This item is in the public domain. It may be used without permission.
Exhibit Categories:
From Neuroblastoma to Homeobox Genes, 1976-1992
Neuroblastoma Research, 1967-1976
Relation:
Metadata Record Annual Report of the Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics, October 1, 1975 - September 30, 1976 (September 1976)
Box Number:
31 of 31
Unique Identifier:
JJBBNY
Accession Number:
2001-020
Document Type:
Reports
Excerpts
Language:
English
Format:
application/pdf
image/tif
Physical Condition:
Good
Transcript:
Project Number: Z01 HL 00017-01 LBG
Period Covered: July 1, 1975 through June 30, 1976
Title of Project: Acetylcholine Receptors in the Developing Nervous System
Names, Laboratory and Institute Affiliations, and Titles of Principal Investigators and All Other Professional Personnel Engaged on the Project:
PI: Marshall Nirenberg, Chief, LBG, LBG NHLI
Hiroyuki Sugiyama, Research Associate, LBG NHLI
Cooperating Units (if any): None
Lab/Branch: Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics
Section: Section on Molecular Biology
Institute and Location: NHLI, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20014
Total Man Years: 1.6
Professional: 1.3
Other: .3
Summary of Work: The goal of this project is to define the properties of muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors of chick embryo retina before and after synaptogenesis in the retina. Thus far we have elucidated (1) the specificity and affinities of muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors for cholinergic agonists and antagonists, (2) the number of receptors were defined as a function of developmental age of the retina, and (3) the location of nicotinic receptors within the retina was determined.
Project Description:
Objectives: The objectives are to define the biochemical properties of acetylcholine receptors before and after synaptogenesis in the retina.
Major Findings: Neurons dissociated from chick embryo retina and maintained in vitro were found to reaggregate and form, in vitro, approximately 1 x 10^9 synapses per mg of protein. Three types of synapses and several subtypes were identified which closely resemble those of the intact retina.
Chick embryo retina was found to be a rich source of both muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Both muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are synthesized before synapses appear in the retina; however, during development, nicotinic acetylcholine receptors become associated predominantly with neurites in the synaptic layers of the retina. The properties of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors were determined at different developmental ages and were compared with the properties of muscarinic inhibitory and excitatory receptors of neuroblastoma cells.
Significance to Biomedical Research: This study gives fundamental information and serves as a basis for further studies on the role of this receptor protein in synapse formation.
Proposed Course: More detailed studies of synaptogenesis and receptor properties are planned.
Publications:
1. Vogel, Zvi and Nirenberg, Marshall: Localization of acetylcholine receptors during synaptogenesis in retina. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, In Press.
2. Vogel, Zvi, Daniels, Mathew P. and Nirenberg, Marshall: Synapse and acetylcholine receptor synthesis by neurons dissociated from retina. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA, In Press.
3. Gouras, P., Chader, G., Enrigues, N. and Gibbons, R.G.: Calcium-induced spikes in cultures pigment epithelium of chick retina. Invest. Ophthalmol. 15: 62-64, 1976.
Metadata Last Modified Date:
2010-10-04
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