After arranging to return to England for a Turner and Newall fellowship at King's College, London, Franklin had to think
about the design of the x-ray apparatus she would use there, and arrange to have it manufactured. In this letter, she told
Randall of her plan, and of possible complications with the equipment.
Number of Image Pages:
4 (1,427,093 Bytes)
1950-11-24 (November 24, 1950)
Randall, J. T.
Original Repository: Churchill Archives Centre. The Papers of J. T. Randall
Reproduced from the Franklin Collection at the Churchill Archives Centre with the permission of the copyright holder.
Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):
Equipment and Supplies
The DNA Riddle: King's College, London, 1951-1953
12, quai Henri IV
Dear Professor Randall,
It is a long time since I have written to you because I was waiting, expecting to hear about my apparatus. Now, as you doubtless
know, I have heard from Dr Price, and since then I have started thinking seriously about the design of the camera. Since I
know little or nothing about the manipulation of protein solutions I should be glad to have your opinion on certain points
before going any further.
All complications in the design arise because it seems to me that it is desirable to be able to control the temperature of
the solution during the exposure, and, I imagine that in general rather low temperatures (perhaps down to 0 degrees c) are
desirable to prevent the structure of the solution from changing during the exposure. The same apparatus could, of course
be used to study solutions at higher temperatures -- the upper
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temperature limit depending, probably, on the quality of the rubber used for the joints. Do you agree that these things are
important? And if so am I correct in my choice of temperature range?
In the original design the sample-holder and temperature-control were all under the vacuum cover, which is, of course, desirable
for work at very low temperatures. But as I shall probably not need very low temperatures I am proposing to make things simpler
and more convenient by putting the sample just outside the vacuum, and using the camera itself as the vacuum container.
The form of the sample in the focusing camera is a parallel-ended plate. I am trying to arrange that it should be possible
to study in this form a continuously flowing solution.
If you can think of any other special conditions or possibilities which might be useful I should be very grateful if you would
let me know so that as much as possible can be incorporated in the camera from the start.
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The original basic design and cost (which I sent you in July) did not include the sample-holder. But as I am proposing to
simplify considerably the design of the large parts, the sample-holder, which is small but somewhat complicated, could, I
think, be included under the original estimate (Fr. 200,000). On the other hand it might be better to have made here (by Paul)
the monochromator support and slit system, which would enable me to set up the monochromator and use it for other things while
waiting for the special sample-holder to be made in London. What do you think? Of course, if I find that both can be included
under the original estimate I should ask for both from Paul.
Apart from all this, the principal thing needed for setting up the tube is, of course, the pumping system. I do not know whether
you already have the necessary pumps or whether you are leaving that for me to see to when I arrive but in any case it will
be necessary to have
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made the piece joining the tube to the diffusion pumps.
If there seems no particular reason for me to come sooner, I shall come over for the New Year. But if at any stage it seemed
particularly desirable to come over and discuss apparatus and prepare things I could always come for a short while in December
and stay on here for a bit in January to make up (I've got so much remaining to be done here that I cannot really cut
down my total time here) Probably in that case it would be best for me to come after the delivery of the tube.
Would you please let me know when the order for the tube finally goes through, as I should like to ask for a few minor modifications
to be made?
For how long does your laboratory close over christmas [sic]?
Please forgive me for bothering you with so many questions after such a long silence.