A cover letter that accompanied some reprints Stern requested from McClintock, in which the latter briefly expands on some
of her thinking on several of the articles.
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1 (115,085 Bytes)
1953-01-02 (January 2, 1953)
Original Repository: American Philosophical Society. Library. Curt Stern Papers
Reproduced with permission of the Curt Stern Papers, American Philosophical Society.
Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):
Box Number: 3
Folder Number: 3
January 2, 1953
Sorry you had to write for a reprint. Have just not sent out any lately. There was, of course, no intentional neglect.
In your note, you mentioned having to give a seminar on the symposium paper. For you interest, I should like to add a few
comments to supplement the paper. If the theory of origin of instability were correct, then it should be possible to obtain
the Ac-control type of mutability at any selected locus. This was tried for two loci, considered particularly sutiable for
the study: A1 in chromosome 3 and A2 in chromosome 5. Plants homozygous dominant for both A1 and A2 were crossed by plants
homozygous for either a1 or a2, the latter being used as the pollen parents. In each of the homozygous dominant plants, both
Ds and Ac were present, Ds being located in the long arm of chromosome 5. The known recessives, a1 and a2 do not mutate in
the presence of Ac. The resulting ears from those two type-crosses were examined for variegated kernels. Among 72 ears obtained
when a1 was used as the pollen parent, a single variegated kernel was produced. The plant grown from it was variegated and
tests of this plant and its progeny proved that the instability at the A1 locus was Ac-controlled. From 120 ears derived from
the cross when a2 was the pollen parent, two variegated kernels gave rise to plants. One of them carried an Ac-controlled
mutable condition at the A2 locus and the second carried an autonomous type of mutabile condition at the A2 locus.
Extensive study has been given to two cases in which Ds had been transposed just to the left of Sh (order is: I Ds Sh Bz Wx
centrome). In this position, Ds initiates many mutations to sh. Some of these are mutable sh and Ac-controlled. The effect
of Ds events may extend proximally to include Bz, either suppressing its action or causing it to become mutable. The effect
of other Ds events may extend distally and include the action of I, causing partial or total inhibition of its action. All
of the effects which extend to Bz and include total inhibition of its action also affect viability. This likewise occurs when
the effect extends to the I locus.
On a separate sheet, I am enclosing a table taken from the last annual report to show the types of instability that have arisen
at six different loci in the Cold Spring Harbor cultures. It represents the cases of Ac-controlled and non-Ac-controlled mutability
at the same locus.
Should you wish any illustrative material for your seminar, I should be glad to send samples to you. Don;t think you must
say "Yes" to this suggestion. You may not wish to go to that trouble and I could well understand that.
All good wishes to you and each member of the family.