An Appeal by American Scientists to the Governments and People of the World
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1957-12 (December 1957)
Original Repository: Oregon State University. Library. Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers
Reproduced with permission of the Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers. Oregon State University Library.
Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):
Two Nobel Prizes
Letter from Linus Pauling to Salvador E. Luria [An Appeal by American Scientists to the Governments and People of the World]
(May 15, 1957) (in The Salvador E. Luria Papers)
We, the American scientists whose names are signed below, urge that an international agreement to stop the testing of nuclear
bombs be made now.
Each nuclear bomb test spreads an added burden of radioactive elements over every part of the world. Each added amount of
radiation causes damage to the health of human beings all over the world and causes damage to the pool of human germ plasm
such as to lead to an increase in the number of seriously defective children that will be born in future generations.
So long as these weapons are in the hands of only three powers an agreement for their control is feasible. If testing continues,
and the possession of these weapons spreads to additional governments, the danger of outbreak of a cataclysmic nuclear war
through the reckless action of some irresponsible national leader will be greatly increased.
An international agreement to stop the testing of nuclear bombs now could serve as a first step toward a more general disarmament
and the ultimate effective abolition of nuclear weapons, averting the possibility of a nuclear war that would be a catastrophe
to all humanity.
We have in common with our fellow men a deep concern for the welfare of all human beings. As scientists we have knowledge
of the dangers involved and therefore a special responsibility to make those dangers known. We deem it imperative that immediate
action be taken to effect an international agreement to stop the testing of all nuclear weapons.
Edward U. Condon
Charles D. Coryell
Leslie C. Dunn
I. H. Herskowitz
Edwin C. Kemble
I. M. Kolthoff
S. E. Luria
Carl V. Moore
Hermann J. Muller
C. C. Price
M. L. Sands
Laurence H. Snyder
M. B. Visscher
W. H. Zachariasen
List additional signers below, and on the reverse side of this sheet. Please air mail to - Linus Pauling, 3500 Fairpoint Street,
Pasadena, California, to arrive by Dec. 1, 1957.