Swedish neuroscientist David H. Ingvar, MD, PhD (1924-2000) was a pioneer in cerebral blood flow studies in humans. In the
late 1950s, he and Niels Lassen used radioactive krypton and xenon isotopes to track CBF with external detectors. In this
letter, Sokoloff discussed the criticisms made of the deoxyglucose method by Veech and Huang, and included scathing commentary
on his critics and their scientific methods.
Item is a photocopy.
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2 (98,994 Bytes)
1985-03-20 (March 20, 1985)
National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.)
Ingvar, David H.
University Hospital (Lund, Sweden)
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Positron Emission Tomography Scanning and Beyond, 1979-2004
Box Number: 1
Folder Number: 35
March 20, 1985
It is not easy to comment briefly about the latest paper of Huang and Veech. In general terms, however, it can be dismissed
as an atrocity that is more a reflection on the journal that published it than on the writers. It is a gross example of so
called "scientists" who may be competent in one area, but who get involved in something they know nothing about. It
is clear that Huang and Veech know nothing about modeling and the mathematical analysis of models. It is also apparent from
the experimental data that they are not getting very precise data. The manuscript is full of internal inconsistencies, errors
in the understanding of kinetics, and naivete about mathematical analysis of experimental data. For example:
1) In their Figure 1, in the left hand panel, they draw a linear accumulation of the [14C]DG-6-P with time - - while in the
right hand panel of the same figure they that the substrate, [14C]DG is declining with time.Tracer concentrations, as used
in these experiments, obey first order kinetics, and any school boy would know that you cannot get a constant rate of product
formation with a declining concentration of precursor when first order kinetics apply.
2) Their Figure 4 shows extraordinarily scattered data which makes one worry about their analytical techniques. Even their
buddy, Hawkins, has gotten better data than that, and so have we. The curve that they have in that figure was fitted to the
sum of 2 exponentials. Why 2 exponentials is not clear. It could have been fitted to any number of equations. The curve clearly
does not fit the experimental points and represents only those points that emphasized the authors' preconceived conclusion.
A clearly better fit would have been one that would have not decreased with time, but would increase, and this could have
been obtained by fitting it to some other equation just as valid. Their fitted curve is arbitrary and ignores the high data
points and is clearly a case of the data being twisted to fit a prior conclusion.
We have re-examined and repeated the studies done by Huang and Veech in their previous paper and find that they have committed
an awful error (I am not sure it wasn't deliberate). The fraction in which they measured the 3H/14C and which they designated
as pure glucose, is contaminated with other compounds - - which explain their results. If the glucose is purified, then their
results are null and void. I am enclosing a preprint of a paper on that subject that we submitted to Science. We have not
yet received the results of the review, but a number of expert biochemists have read it and are fully convinced by it.