After his sabbatical 1968-69 year in Paris, it took Sokoloff and his collaborator, Nunez, several years to find ways to process
their experimental data. This letter relayed news of a recent computer analysis, which Sokoloff found disappointing.
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1972-01-31 (January 31, 1972)
National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.)
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Establishing the Foundation for PET Scanning: the 2-Deoxyglucose Method, 1968-1978
Box Number: 1
Folder Number: 53
January 31, 1972
Patlak has finally given me the results of the computer analysis of the I2 formation data. He has analysed both sets of experiments.
In some ways they were disappointing. The first reason was that he could not separate out the individual rate constants in
our model but could solve only for combinations of them which are difficult to interpret meaningfully in a physical sense.
If you go back to our most general model, you will find what the constants represent. Using those constants, Patlak has given
us the following results:
You will not that (k2/k1) and (k11/k10) are contained in the combinations of constants; they represent the K(m) values for
the two sites for I-. We would, therefore, like to know them, but we have not yet figured out a way to separate them out from
other constants and solve for their exact values. It is easy to get k(12) because E(T) is total enzyme content, a variable
which you know but did not send us with the data. K(12) then represents essentially the theoretical maximum turnover number
of the enzyme in units of [delta] Absorbance/unit time/mg of enzyme.
The second reason for disappointment is that the computer program also estimated the standard errors and reliability of the
values for the combinations of constants which it has been determined. Unfortunately, the reliability is not high. The reason
for the poor reliability is that all the values for the reaction velocities were in the range of being almost proportional
to iodide concentration. If you plot velocity vs. iodide concentration, you will note that it is almost a straight line. The
model predicts a sigmoid curve and to test it properly, it is necessary to extend the range to see whether the curve really
bends at both extremes of iodide concentration. If we had such a range, it would greatly improve the reliability of the constants.
If the constants which we have thus far are anywhere near their real values, then we estimate that to include sigmoidicity
at both ends of the curve, you will have to extend the iodide concentration down to 1 x 10(to the negative 4) M or below and
up to at least 100 x 10(to the negative 4) M. We estimate that saturation of the enzyme would not occur until 300-400 x 10(to
the negative 4) M.
I know that there are problems in carrying out the assays at very high and very low levels of iodide concentration. Perhaps,
if the conditions are such that the reaction rate is linear with enzyme concentration, it would help to vary the peroxidase
concentrations at the extremes to bring the reaction velocities in the range where they can be measured. The velocities could
then be normalized by reporting them as velocity per mg of enzyme. That would not alter our kinetic analyses.
Let me know what you think. Myself, I am still troubled by getting only combinations of constants rather than the individual
constants themselves, or at least the ratios of those constants which would give us the K(m) values which we want. Perhaps,
we will be able to figure out a way to get these out. In the meantime, let me know what you think we should do about it. I
suppose, if it is not too much trouble, it would still be worth doing the experiments which extend the range of the curve.
We were very happy to hear that you will be participating in a symposium at the Endocrine Congress next summer and that you
will be visiting here again. You would be most welcome to stay at our home during the meetings. Things are very much the same
at our home. The family is fine; Ken is doing well at school and Ann is busy applying to colleges for next year and awaiting
the acceptance or rejection notices.
Regards to Paulette and the children and also to everyone at the Lab. It was very nice to see them all again, and I am looking
forward to the next opportunity.