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The Sol Spiegelman Papers

Letter from Sol Spiegelman to Salvador E. Luria pdf (134,244 Bytes) transcript of pdf
Letter from Sol Spiegelman to Salvador E. Luria
Number of Image Pages:
2 (134,244 Bytes)
1962-10-05 (October 5, 1962)
Spiegelman, Sol
Luria, Salvador E.
This item is in the public domain. It may be used without permission.
Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):
Exhibit Category:
RNA-DNA Hybridization in Viruses, 1955-1965
Metadata Record Letter from Salvador E. Luria to Sol Spiegelman (October 17, 1962) pdf (133,912 Bytes) transcript of pdf
Box Number: 7
Folder Number: 4
Unique Identifier:
Document Type:
Letters (correspondence)
Physical Condition:
Series: Correspondence, 1946-1983
Folder: Luria, S. E., 1943-1978
October 5, 1962
Dear Lu and Naomi:
I hope you will pardon the delay but I have been so rushed that I did not get the time really to get the necessary tracings done so that you can get an idea of the data. It turned out that verifax copies of our results as we plot them was too confusing. We, therefore made tracings of the data so that you could see them. I have given you only some of the experiments and representative runs. Figures 1a and 1b illustrate the kind of discrepancy one observes as a result of the induction of an ordinary wild type. They represent Hershey columns of mixed RNA from cells treated according to the diagrammatic protocol on top of each. In all cases the dotted lines represents optical density profile and represents the bulk of the RNA components. The green is always tritiated preparation and the red is the C14. The gradient is indicated by a dashed pencil line. 1a is a control run in which neither one was induced. You see that there is good concordance between the two profiles. In figure 1b the tritiated preparation came from a cell induced. The C14 was uninduced. You will notice then two discordant peaks in the tritium profile. Another control is given in figure 2 in which a lac deletion mutant was induced and not induced. Here induction had no effect.
These results are completely reproducible and have been obtained many times. We have a fairly detailed story on the kinetics of the appearance of these discordancies during the induction of a wild type. The regions of interest in figure 1 were arbitrarily designated and the fractions within each pooled. Figures 2a, b, and c represent cesium chloride gradient runs of hybridizing experiments carried out with a P1 carrying lac. It is clear the region two contains the most hybridizable material. The amounts of counts put in each were approximately the same. Here, as in all other cases, we are only looking at the RNA resistant counts. 3a and 3b represent the two types of controls. Here the same region from a labeled induced deletion negative shows no ability to hybridize with the P1 carrying lac. 3b shows that the same region in the gradient taken from an uninduced wild type inducible shows a faintly detectable possible hybrid. It is clear from comparison with 3a and 3b that induction leads to the onset of transcription. Figures 4a and 4b represent the other types of controls in which region 2 again was mated with the P1 DNA not carrying lac and there is virtually no detectable hybrid. 4b checks the same thing with RNA from and non-induced wild type again from the same region. Again, there is no hybrid.
I might say that we have also looked at other regions of figure 1b for hybridizable RNA with the P1 carrying lac and the results have been negative. We are now running a few matings with unfractionated RNA as a final check. Also there are a few other repeat controls which are spinning now and if everything checks out I think we can regard the story as established.
With kindest regards,
Sincerely yours,
S. Spiegelman
Professor of Microbiology
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