Skip to main contentU.S. National Library of MedicineU.S. National Library of Medicine

Profiles in Science
Pinterest badge Follow Profiles in Science on Pinterest!

The Salvador E. Luria Papers

Letter from Linus and Ava Helen Pauling to Salvador E. Luria pdf (75,641 Bytes) transcript of pdf
Letter from Linus and Ava Helen Pauling to Salvador E. Luria
With the election of John Kennedy, Linus Pauling stepped-up his efforts to combat nuclear weapons and atmospheric testing. In this letter, the Paulings urged Luria to sign the "Appeal to Stop the Spread of Nuclear Weapons." This petition would eventually be signed by over 200,000 Americans.
Number of Image Pages:
1 (75,641 Bytes)
1961-01-15 (January 15, 1961)
Pauling, Linus
Pauling, Ava Helen
Luria, Salvador E.
Original Repository: American Philosophical Society. Library. Salvador Luria Papers
Reproduced with permission of Oregon State University Library, Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers.
Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):
Exhibit Category:
Politics, Science, and Social Responsibility
Unique Identifier:
Document Type:
Letters (correspondence)
Physical Condition:
Series: Correspondence, 1938-1992
Folder: Pauling, Linus, 1960-1965
15 January 1961
Dear Luria:
During recent months the international situation has changed in such a way as to increase the danger of war. France has carried out nuclear explosions and other nations too may soon have stockpiles of nuclear weapons. There is discussion of the plan of turning nuclear weapons over to NATO and there exists the possibility that the Warsaw Pact nations would also be given these weapons.
We feel that it is necessary that a vigorous effort be made to prevent these actions, and we have written the Appeal to Stop the Spread of Nuclear Weapons that is reproduced below.
Will you join us in signing this Appeal? We are asking some men and women in every country in the world to sign. We plan to present the Appeal to the United Nations and the various national governments, with the list of names of signers, early in February.
Sincerely yours,
Linus and Ava Helen Pauling
To the United Nations and to all nations in the world:
We, the men and women whose names are signed below, believe that stockpiles of nuclear weapons should not be allowed to spread to any more nations or groups of nations.
The world is now in great danger. A cataclysmic nuclear war might break out as the result of some terrible accident or of an explosive deterioration in international relations such that even the wisest national leaders would be unable to avert the catastrophe. Universal disarmament has now become the essential basis for life and liberty for all people.
The difficult problem of achieving universal disarmament would become far more difficult if more nations or groups of nations were to come into possession of nuclear weapons. We accordingly urge that the present nuclear powers not transfer nuclear weapons to other nations or groups of nations such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or the Warsaw Pact group, that all nations not now possessing these weapons voluntarily refrain from obtaining or developing them, and that the United Nations and all nations increase their efforts to achieve total and universal disarmament with a system of international controls and inspection such as to insure to the greatest possible extent the safety of all nations and all people.
Metadata Last Modified Date:
Linked Data:
RDF/XML     JSON     JSON-LD     N3/Turtle     N-Triples