DeMars was the third graduate student Luria mentored. In this letter, DeMars briefly reviewed his current work, told Luria
of the job offer he had received from Washington University in St. Louis, and provided some feedback on Luria's recently
released textbook, "General Virology." Included is an earlier letter to Luria that DeMars had not mailed.
Item is handwritten.
Number of Image Pages:
6 (373,351 Bytes)
ca. March 1954
[California Institute of Technology]
Luria, Salvador E.
Original Repository: American Philosophical Society. Library. Salvador Luria Papers
Courtesy of the American Philosophical Society.
The National Library of Medicine's Profiles in Science
program has made every effort to secure proper permissions
for posting items on the web site. In this instance, however,
it has either not been possible to identify or contact the
current copyright owner.
If you have information regarding the copyright owner,
please contact us at
Thank you for your letter. It is actually one of the greatest kindnesses you have done for me. Enclosed is a letter which
I wrote to you while flying to the west. It was not mailed because of the 'DeMars Disease'; but it was saved. It is
one way of indicating what I think. The letter now seems to be an understatement.
One reason for the sparsity of letters has been the sparsity of things to write about. I have been mainly concerned with measuring
in more detail SBP with and without proflovine, usually using the glycine lysis technique with cyanide and ammonium sulfate.
Here are some findings.
1. Total intracellular SBP is about equal with and without proflovine except for an initial lag in the presence of the dye.
2. After high speed centrifugation all of the SBP remains in the supernatant of the proflovine lysates; an ever decreasing
fraction remains in the supernates of proflavineless controls.
This result answers one of the questions posed in the thesis. Here there is an excess of noninfectious, non-sedimentable SBP
in proflovine almost from the start. The earlier measurements with ultrafiltrable SBP did not reveal this excess. Also reflected
here is the finding that in final proflovine lysates only about 1/3 of the SBP (non-sedimentable) passed 120 mu membranes,
while with the non-sedimentable SBP of control lysates, most passed these membranes. The definitive comparison of UF-able
vs. non-sedimentable SBP has not been made yet due to the absence of proper filtrating apparatus. I have a few membranes and
am now improving the rest. The findings at present do indicate
[END PAGE ONE]
[BEGIN PAGE TWO]
two different size states of the SBP which comes in small pieces. In these experiments I am also trying to detect the presence
of Maolse and Symmonds-type particles as a sedimentable, non-infectious SBP fraction of appreciable size.
I have been attempting to make a demonstration of the precursor nature of non-infectious SBP. It involves allowing SBP to
accumulate in proflovine up to about 30 minutes after infection, then resuspending the cells in proflovine-free medium and
allowing active phage production to ensue. The hope is for an actual decrease in the amount of non-sedimentable SBP. Instead,
the level has remained about constant to a point where 30 T2 per cell have been produced. I am not yet satisfied that this
demonstration can't be made, particularly since it is only readily available demonstration that the small pieces with
SBP actually do get built into phage. Otherwise, we will have to go into methods for labeling and physically isolating the
SBP in order to demonstrate its turnover. Therefore, I was happy to hear that you may have gotten somewhere with this problem,
and am anxious to know what you are finding out.
One other point is worrisome. This involves the quantitative relation between SBP and SBP-bearing materials ie. does SBP increase
when the tail is disintegrated and more antigenic surface in exposed? I am studying this problem with the SBP from ultrasonated
T2 and from proflovine lysates. It is important for the interpretation of almost all our results.
This gives you an idea of what I am doing with SBP
[END PAGE TWO]
[BEGIN PAGE THREE]
and makes me a liar, since I have not kept my oath! I am working on a manuscript which will be finished as soon as the experiments
with vibrated phage are done ie. I may not wait to include the precursor demonstration since it may take some time yet.
I am procrastinating a study of the role of RNA in phage synthesis and am at present playing around with a uracil-requiring
mutant of coli, seeing what it needs to grow phage. This will become, I think, a key problem.
Allow me to forego more shop talk for the present and take up two other things.
The first concerns the wonderful book, which we have all busily bought and read. I would like to give special thanks, since
it has made it seem possible to try and teach a virus course next fall which is a part of the second thing. But first, I have
added a list of a few errors I found which may be useful to you. I was sorry not to be there for the end of your task and
the arrival of the first copies. It must have been a happy day.
Concerning the job there is not much to tell. Kornberg has offered me an instructorship at $5000 with a very light teaching
load. The final appointment has not been made. From his letters, he is a kind and cooperative person. The entire set-up, in
fact, seems very nice and I am looking forward to going there and trying to teach and do a little work.
I owe thanks to you for this job, as well as for many of the good things that have happened in the last few years. I can't
forget I'm a bastard, since obviously . . . . . But some people (here also! ?) suspect I am human. Let us all make believe--and,
I will try my best. Please remember me to Zella.
[END PAGE THREE]
[BEGIN PAGE FOUR]
1) Pg. 40 paragraph 1. 0.1/(1/10^6) = 10^5
2) Pg. 45 footnote. Should loge be used to make things more explicit?
3) Pg. 76, line 10 up: measured.
4) Pg. 107, line 11 down: preparations.
5) Pg. 126 paragraph 2. ; reference should be to (111).
6) Pg. 280 Should the references to (287) really be to (288). In the case of Schienenimmunisiering this is probably so since
it's mentioned on pg. 773 in Doerr's article (Die Ausbreitung etc.) and pg. 1213 of Hallover's article (your 288).
7) Pg. 311, paragraph 2. must reach the salivary --
[END PAGE FOUR]
[BEGIN PAGE FIVE]
Dear Dr. Luria,
While we were standing there during the last minutes, and I was trying to think of an apt, pithy caption to three and a half
years, I was reminded of a personal affliction which you had diagnosed about ten days ago. This had to do with my ready ability
to create a sneering impression and my relative inability to say nice things to people face to face. This disease, coupled
with my other affliction, the last-minute-rush, prevented me from saying what was in my mind. Please imagine that I am saying
these words, in my own halting fashion, and that you are not interrupting! (It will not help!)
In the last years we have been able to meet many men who do this work and to see many places--each with its own particular
'cloud of glory'. These meetings can be summarized in retrospect by the absence of any real desire on my part to have
been any place other than where I was. From the strictly utilitarian view of getting an education and of being limited in
work only by personal viability, we could not have done better than we did.
However, my remembrances are not involved only with these matters, but as much with our personal relations in and out of the
lab. The whole atmosphere which you created by your personal enthusiasm and by your great care to push the work is a thing
I really want to try and recreate in the future. This was made even more tangible by your tolerance of some of my antisocial
habits (reprint 'stealing', etc.). Your kindness at those times were just what were needed. Furthermore, the 'boosts'
you have given us by putting us forward and by improving our
[END PAGE FIVE]
[BEGIN PAGE SIX]
positions in spite of nastiness positively had the effect that a revivalist has on a congregation of sinners. I know that
this applies to George as well as myself. I also know that being a good teacher and advisor means a great deal to you. We
couldn't have done better.
This letter you may find self-important and even maudlin. Forget these. It is just an expression of sincere liking and appreciation,
and of a wish that we can get together in the future.