To satisfy the many requests for biographical information Koop received from the public--in part because of his distinctive
last name--the Department of Health and Human Services published this official biographical statement about the Surgeon General.
Item is a photocopy.
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Koop, C. Everett
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Dr. C. Everett Koop was appointed Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health, U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) in February 1981,
and sworn in as Surgeon General on November 17, 1981. Additionally, he was appointed Director of the Office of International
Health in May 1982.
Before joining PHS, Dr. Koop, a pediatric surgeon with an international reputation, was Surgeon-in-Chief of Children's
Hospital of Philadelphia and Professor of Pediatric Surgery and Pediatrics at the University of Pennsylvania.
Dr. Koop, born in Brooklyn, New York, on October 14,1916, graduated from Dartmouth College in 1937 and received his M.D. degree
from Cornell Medical College in 1941. After serving an internship at the Pennsylvania Hospital, he pursued postgraduate training
at the University of Pennsylvania School of
Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital and the Graduate School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, from which he received
the degree of Doctor of Science (Medicine) in 1947. After promotions up the academic ladder, he was named Professor of Pediatric
Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania in 1959 and Professor of Pediatrics in 1971.
As Surgeon General, Dr. Koop advises the public on health matters such as smoking and health, diet and nutrition, environmental
health hazards, and the importance of immunization and disease prevention. He oversees the activities of the 6,000 member
PHS Commissioned Corps. Specific responsibilities include serving as an ex-officio member of the Board of Regents, National
Library of Medicine; Board of Regents, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; Board of Directors, Armed Forces
Institute of Pathology; and the Board of Governors, Gorgas Memorial Institute.
Dr. Koop has been the recipient of numerous honors and awards including seventeen honorary doctorates. He was awarded the
Denis Brown Gold Medal by the British Association of Paediatric Surgeons; the William E. Ladd Gold Medal of the American Academy
of Pediatrics in recognition of outstanding
contributions to the field of pediatric surgery; the Order of Duarte, Sanchez, and Mella, the highest award of the Dominican
Republic, for his achievement in separating the conjoined Dominican twins; and a number of other awards from civic, religious,
medical and philanthropic organizations. He was awarded the Medal of the Legion of Honor by France in 1980, inducted into
the Royal College of Surgeons of England in 1982, and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. In May 1983,
Dr. Koop was awarded the Public Health Service Distinguished Service Medal in recognition of his extraordinary leadership
of the U.S. Public Health Service.
Dr. Koop is a member of the American Surgical Association, the Society of University Surgeons, the American Pediatric Surgical
Association, and other professional societies. He is a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons and the American Academy
of Pediatrics. He also holds membership in many
Dr. Koop is the author of more than 200 articles and books on the practice of medicine.
He is married to the former Elizabeth Flanagan and has three living children, Allen, Norman, and Elizabeth Thompson, and seven