It was 3 days since I last spoke publicly about AIDS.
I found while I was Surgeon General and later after I had left that office and was on the Distinguished Lecture Circuit that
speaking to a World Affairs Council in almost any city was a great opportunity. The audience was usually intelligent, up on
international health affairs, concerned about prevention of disease and promotion of health here at home and their question
and answer sessions were always spirited and I learned as much as the audience did. I had been asked to speak about AIDS and
American values, which was a little tangential from what my usual message on AIDS would have been.
I started by thanking them for their continued support for American's leadership role in international health, and suggested
that this was a good time not to lose sight of the many major health problems of the world, because of the pandemic of AIDS.
The others were still important and it was my intent to review them before getting into the subject of AIDS. I did this by
talking about the six major communicable diseases of childhood, the five million children that die someplace in the world
each year because of these diseases. I did not forget to mention the children that survived the diseases, but carried the
scars of the disease with them for the rest of their lives. In laying the ground work for my later discussion of AIDS, I made
it clear that there was a vaccine for each of these diseases and that most of them were fortunately virtually disappearing
from our society as witness, polio, tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough. But even with this good news these same vaccines
have yet to penetrate all the villages and crossroads of the developing world. I reported that the United States had been
contributing substantially to the expanded program on immunization, which was sponsored by the World Health Organization.
And that we had joined with WHO in identifying as well the major parasitic diseases as one of the big targets of international
science and health.
Examples were malaria, schistosomiasis (snail fever). Snail Fever is a global disease that affects an estimated 180 million
people . . . a staggering burden for the human race.
Then there is trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), one of the diseases always mentioned in the steamy jungle novels of the
last century, but present day measures, although improving the situation are inadequate and statistics indicate that sleeping
sickness is on the rise. Unlike malaria and snail fever, sleeping sickness is usually fatal unless the patient is in the earliest
signs of the disease; in the places where this occurs that early treatment usually does not happen.
I also mentioned rehydration therapy, which although not new has done a tremendous amount to save youngsters who would ordinarily
have died of diarrhea in the days when we thought that only intravenous fluids could be used.
I reminded the audience that I was not only the their Surgeon General, but also the Director of the Public Health Service
Office of International Health, and that I was pleased to report to them that as I traveled the world about, I was constantly
reminded to the extent to which the United States is regarded as a beacon of good sense and good science by the rest of the
world. These nations sorely needed us as, indeed, we needed them and that was especially true in the pandemic of AIDS.
I then launched into AIDS and said that nothing that I hadn't said in the past three lectures, although I might have tilted
my remarks just a little for this audience, constantly reminding them that AIDS knows no borders, that it might have come
from Africa by way of the Caribbean, and that it would never be fully contained in this country as long as it was not also
contained elsewhere in the world.
That gave me the opportunity to say as I had said before that the United States must pay its full assessment to the United
Nations in order to enable the World Health Organization to be an effective world leader in the fight against AIDS.
I also thought it was a good audience to tell that in the 6 years since the AIDS epidemic began, more than 24,000 Americans
had died of AIDS, but just that last month -- and every month -- 29,000 people in American died because they smoked cigarettes.
Again for this audience especially I made it clear that we permit, condone, and actively promote the increased consumption
of American brand-name cigarettes throughout the third world.
I used some of the format I had used in the recent lecture I gave to the movie industry and left a lot of questions unanswered
because I thought the audience with its international health background was wise enough to provide most of the answers and
understand how serious a problem was the global disease of AIDS.
AIDS in newborn babies
AIDS and health workers
America's leadership role in international health
Assault of AIDS on the ethical foundation of health care
Birthright of freedom in the United States
Case-load of AIDS reported by World Health Organization other than U.S.
Centers for Disease Control guidelines
Comparison of mortality of AIDS in 6 years vs. mortality from smoking per month
Confidentiality of records
Cost of clinical care to AIDS patients
Cost per patient per year
Criteria for eligibility to receive public services
Dangers of immuno suppression in HIV carriers
Disproportionate occurrence of AIDS and racial minorities
Drug addiction, liver failure, and lung cancer
Drug test for AIDS
"Expanded program of immunization"
Failure of professional people to provide care to AIDS patients
Government's total commitment to provide for "The general welfare of the United States"
High-risk behavior and AIDS
Homosexual and bisexual men
Major parasitic diseases
Need of U.S. to pay its full contribution to the United Nations
Need to report HIV positive patients to protect them
Origin of AIDS in Africa?
Predictions of caseload in the future
Prejudice against AIDS patients
Privacy vs. the need to protect the community from danger
Public demand second-class care for AIDS
Public health policy in reference to AIDS records
Six major communicable diseases of childhood
Slowness of vaccines to penetrate the developing world
Social sequellae to discrimination against AIDS Patients
Taxpayers support of alcoholics, drug addicts and syphilitics
Taxpayers support of child health programs
Taxpayers support of diabetes
Taxpayers support of hypertension screening programs
Treatment of AIDS as labor intensive
United States as a beacon of good sense and good science
Virtual disappearance of the vaccine preventable diseases
Office of International Health of Public Health Service