The audience to which this address was presented reminds me to inform the reader of several things. First of all, in the Reagan
Administration it was not unusual to speak openly to religious groups, nor was it unusual to speak about and to specifically
Christian religious groups. The second thing that is noteworthy, is that I was doing something at about the time this address
was given that I don't think any other public official ever did, and that is, during the early weeks of 1987 I spoke largely
to religious groups of all stamps and denominations as well as liberal, moderate and conservative. And finally, this lecture
was given shortly after I had spoken informally to a similar group that met under the title of Christian Booksellers of America.
On that occasion, I was as specific as I could be and reminded them that the same sources that might have taught them concerns
about homosexuality and homosexual practices were the very sources that admonish them that sin had to be separated from the
It was only nine days since the last time I had spoken publicly about AIDS and this the first address in which I mentioned
treatment of AIDS with AZT, which did nothing to cure the underlying disease, but did prolong the life of the victim.
One of the most important sentences I ever uttered or wrote was contained in the AIDS Report released on October 22nd the
previous year: "We are fighting a disease and not the people who have it". I reiterated that theme here noting that
as Surgeon General it was my job to wage all out-war against disease and not against people. This enabled me to make the statement
that I believed that I was a moral person. I became a doctor because I am a moral person. It was my personal dedication to
healing and to caring for others that led me to medicine and then led me further to accept President Reagan's invitation
to be the country's Surgeon General.
I made a specific plea to this audience to join me in this fundamentally moral crusade against the brutal, humiliating, and
I not only gave the post office box and telephone numbers that could be used to obtain copies of the Surgeon General's
report, but I repeated the information.
One of the disturbing things about the first Reagan Administration -- and note that I'm not accusing Mr. Reagan himself
-- was the fact that many presidential appointees in high places believed that because AIDS was spread by behaviors that most
people did not do and certainly did not approve of others doing, the victims probably deserved what they got and we shouldn't
concern ourselves too much about them. I struck out against this as often as I could, sometimes pointing out that we never
showed preferential treatment to victims of disease based on the manner in which they got their disease and on this occasion
I said it this way: "The moral bottom-line for me -- and I'm sure it is for you as well -- is that I hope they live
(the AIDS victims) and I must do whatever I can to help them live". It certainly was a contradiction of what many people
heard privately from government officials close to the President, and I wanted this group of religious broadcasters to know
that that was not an official government stance.
Inasmuch as there had been a lot of criticism of me in the press, in magazines, and by correspondence, because of my firm
belief that you can't teach children about the avoidance of sexually transmitted disease until they know something about
their own sexuality - and therefore, need some "sex education". I took this opportunity to reiterate what I had said
before, but I said it in a different way: "I've been attacking sex education curricula that just teach technique and
don't mention responsible morality . . . and I took that position before some of my critics knew there was such a thing
as sex." I embellished it by saying that we have only a few years of grace to help the young child understand his or her
own sexuality before the onset of puberty, and that although, a parent should handle this education of the child and can claim
to be the best educator or the educator of choice - I doubted that they could become the exclusive educator. I even offered
another alternative to the term "sex education". Not only could we call it AIDS education, but also we could call
it "Health and Human Development education."
I faced some of my critics down and let this audience know the kind of things that were being said about me: "Sponsoring
homosexually oriented curricular", or "Teaching buggery in the third grade", or "Providing condoms to eight-year
olds". There is one explanation I delivered to this audience that might not be understood by the ordinary reader. Before
coming to Washington, I had engaged with one of the better known apologists of the Christian faith, Francis Schaeffer, in
a project that included five one-hour films, a major book, and a tour of twenty cities in America, where we held three-day
seminars on the whole topic entitled, "What Ever Happened To The Human Race?" That will set the reader's mind
to understand a comment: "And to that member of the religious right who wrote that the noise he heard is Francis Shafer
rolling over in his grave . . . I say, that noise I hear is more likely his applause".
I went on to address this group - or at least the Christians among them - to tell them they would be continued to be tested
by tremendous questions that arise from the turmoil of public events and that these questions should cause them to examine
and re-examine who they are and what they stand for. I went on with illustrations about homosexual behavior, separation of
the sin from the sinner, safe sex, abstinence, and mutually faithful monogamy, as well as the protection of a condom for people
who don't hear those messages.
This is also the first time that I ever reminded the audience that as time moves on there would be more and more truly innocent
people being infected by the AIDS virus who were going to die. And they included the wives of bisexual men, the spouses of
I.V. drug abusers, and the wives of promiscuous husbands. I also counted among these victims babies born to I.V. drug abusers
or otherwise infected mothers. These youngsters were being abandoned or dying alone in hospital nurseries.
I closed these remarks with an admonition to religious broadcasters. I reminded them that when the aforementioned Francis
Schaeffer and I had called their attention to abortion as an issue that had to be addressed by religious bodies, they drew
their skirts around themselves and shunned the issue of abortion. I asked them, indeed pleaded with them, not to repeat that
slice of history.
All-out war against disease
Azidothymidine (AZT) as treatment
Babies born to mothers with AIDS
Critics of the Surgeon General's Report
Fighting a disease and not the people who have it
"Health and Human Development" instead of "Sex" Education
Heterosexual and homosexual activity
Innocent victims of HlV infection
Michigan State University's research into exposure of youngsters to sexual intercourse
Mutually faithful monogamy
Parents as sex educators
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
Pornography in American life
Predictions about the future statistics
Sex education and morality
Statistics on AIDS
Support by religious broadcasters of the efforts of the Surgeon General
Surgeon General's Report on AIDS -- how to procure one
Spouses of I.V. drug abusers
The religious right
Wives of bisexual men
Wives and husbands of promiscuous spouses
Christian Life Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention