Executive Order 12320 of September 15, 1981: Historically Black Colleges and Universities
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1981-09-17 (September 17, 1981)
Periodical: Reagan, Ronald. "Executive Order 12320 of September 15, 1981: Historically Black Colleges and Universities." Federal
Register 46, 180 (17 September 1981): 46107-46108. Legislative Record. 2 Images.
United States Congress
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Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):
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By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution of the United States of America, in order to advance the development
of human potential, to strengthen the capacity of historically Black colleges and universities to provide quality education.
and to overcome the effects of discriminatory treatment it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1, The Secretary of Education shall supervise annually the development of a Federal program designed to achieve a
significant increase in the participation by historically Black colleges and universities in Federally sponsored programs.
This program shall seek to identify, reduce, and eliminate barriers which may have unfairly resulted in reduced participation
in, and reduced benefits from, Federally sponsored programs. This program will also seek to involve private sector institutions
in strengthening historically Black colleges.
Sec. 2 Annually, each Executive Department and those Executive agencies designated by the Secretary of Education shall establish
annual plans to increase the ability of historically Black colleges and universities to participate in Federally sponsored
programs. These plans shall consist of measurable objectives of proposed agency actions to fulfill this Order and shall be
submitted at such time and in such form as the Secretary of Education shall designate. In consultation with participating
Executive agencies, the Secretary of Education shall undertake a review of these plans and develop an integrated Annual Federal
Plan for Assistance to Historically Black Colleges for consideration by the President and the Cabinet Council on Human Resources
(composed of the Vice President, the Secretaries of Health and Human Services, Agriculture, Labor, Housing and Urban Development
and Education, the Attorney General. the Counselor to the President and the White House Chief of Staff).
Sec. 3. Each participating agency shall submit to the Secretary of Education a mid-year progress report of its achievement
of its plan and at the end of the year an Annual Performance Report which shall specify agency performance of its measurable
Sec. 4. Prior to the development of the First Annual Federal Plan, the Secretary of Education shall supervise a special review
by every Executive agency of its Programs to determine the extent to which historically .Black colleges and universities are
given an equal opportunity to participate in Federally sponsored programs. This review will examine unintended regulatory
barriers, determine the adequacy of the announcement of programmatic opportunities of interest to these colleges, and identify
ways of eliminating inequities and disadvantages.
Sec. 5. The Secretary of Education shall ensure that each president of a historically Black college or university is given
the opportunity to comment on the proposed Annual Federal Plan prior to its consideration by the President, the Vice President,
and the Cabinet Council on Human Resources.
Sec. 6. The Secretary of Education, to the extent permitted by law, shall stimulate initiatives by private rector businesses
and institutions to strengthen historically Black colleges and universities, including efforts to further improve their management,
financial structure, and research.
Sec. 7. The Secretary of Education shall submit to the President, the Vice President, and the Cabinet Council on Human Resources
an Annual Federal Performance Report on Executive Agency Actions to Assist Historically Black Colleges. The report shall include
the performance appraisals of agency actions during the preceding year to assist historically Black colleges and universities.
The report will also include any appropriate recommendations for improving the Federal response directed by this Order.
Sec. 8. The special review provided for in Section 4 shall take place not later than November 1, 1981. Participating Executive
agencies shall submit their annual plans to the Secretary of Education not later than January 15, 1982. The first Annual Federal
Plan for Assistance to Historically Black Colleges developed by the Secretary of Education shall be ready for Consideration
by the President, the Vice President, and the Cabinet Council on Human resources not later than March 31, 1982.
Sec. 9. Executive Order No. 12232 of August 8, 1980 is revoked.