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The C. Everett Koop Papers

"Public Health Service Update: Presented to the 63rd Interagency Institute for Federal Health Care Executives, St. Louis, Missouri" [Reminiscence] pdf (155,806 Bytes) transcript of pdf
"Public Health Service Update: Presented to the 63rd Interagency Institute for Federal Health Care Executives, St. Louis, Missouri" [Reminiscence]
Number of Image Pages:
2 (155,806 Bytes)
Koop, C. Everett
Reproduced with permission of C. Everett Koop.
Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):
United States Public Health Service
Exhibit Category:
Biographical Information
Metadata Record Public Health Service Update: Presented to the 63rd Interagency Institute for Federal Health Care Executives, St. Louis, Missouri (September 23, 1983) pdf (1,155,259 Bytes) transcript of pdf
Box Number: 103
Folder Number: 116
Unique Identifier:
Document Type:
Physical Condition:
Series: Speeches, Lectures, Papers, 1958-2004
SubSeries: 1982-1983
Folder: Address- "Public Health Service Update"- 63rd Interagency Institute for Federal Health Executives, St. Louis, MO, 1983 Sep 23
Vol. 4 -- # 10
Public Health Service Update
Presented to the 63rd Interagency Institute for Federal Health Care Executives
St. Louis, Missouri
September 23, 1983
This lecture being an update refers to a lecture I gave about a year before to the same group. Because it is an update, the lecture gives a brief idea of the mission of the Public Health Service and a sense of the way that it is organized to carry out that mission. It then talks of how we function today, how we did some of the things in prior days, and finally, a few educated guesses as to how the PHS might look and function in the future.
As to mission, I talked about the "Federation" of Five Different agencies, the role of the Assistance Secretary of Health, the role of the Surgeon General as the government's principal communicator, mentioning "Baby Doe" and "Katie Beckett" issues as examples. The Commissioned Corps of the Public Health Service is also mentioned as well as its Epidemiologic efforts in places like the west bank of the Jordan, where they concluded that a so-called epidemic was nothing more than a mass psychological phenomenon. The eradication of smallpox in the rest of the world, and the preventive efforts in ports of embarkation in southeast Asia to screen folks leaving with new and highly infectious, contagious diseases are further examples.
I attempted to cover in brief order the unique qualification of the Public Health Service for doing such tasks as those mentioned above, while at the same time being concerned about health in the inner-city, in ghettos, in rural migrant labor camps, in coal mining counties, and on the seacoast and waterways of America through our role as health providers to the Coast Guard.
In high-lighting the work we do with the Indian Health service, I went into some detail with a reduction of infant mortality rate for Native Americans from 62.7 to 13.2 per thousand newborns, an 80% decrease and I used that as segue into the latest provisional infant mortality report for the nation now down to 11.0. I concluded this portion of the lecture with a rundown on AIDS.
There followed a summary of the work of the major agencies of Public Health Service: the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA), the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Health Service and Resources Administration (HSRA), and finally the National Institutes of Health (NIH). In each case, the current activities and budget were briefly mentioned.
Because it is so little talked about, I went into some detail about the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Health (OASH) and its $1.5 billion budget tying it into the four block grants that President Reagan put in place in the Public Health Service, and I mentioned historically that when Mr. Reagan came on board, the Executive Branch was funding and operating 534 categorical grant made programs and 74 of those were in the Public Health Service.
In a look to the future, I said that it was over simplification, but nevertheless, some health agencies may get reduced funding, but some health functions will receive more money and then enumerated some of the reasons such as, unlocking the genetic code, identifying the fundamental mechanisms of human immunology, developing monoclonal hybridoma technology, and of course, keeping up the battle against heart disease, cancer, and stroke.
I closed with the prediction of the rise of prevention of disease combined with health promotion to replace the older concept of treating problems after they have occurred.
Alaskan Native
"Baby Doe"
Block Grants
Coal mining country
Commissioned Corps of Public Health Service
Community Health Centers
Epidemiologists contributions
Federation of five agencies in Public Health Service
Function of Public Health Service
Future of Public Health Service
Genetic code
Heart disease
Indian Health Service
Infant mortality
Inner city ghettos
"Katie Beckett"
Migrant labor camps
Mission of Public Health Service
Monoclonal hybridoma
Organization of Public Health Service
Prevention of disease
Promotion of health
Seacoasts & Waterways of America
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