MRS. LASKER: I am very anxious that the recommendations of the Committee on Arteriosclerosis be considered seriously and that
a mechanism be provided whereby more of our funds are put into this problem. It is the main cause of death. Between 500,000
and 600,000 in the United States die a year. It seems to me there are leads which, if put together and expanded, may make
some solution to this disease. I would like to suggest that there be a committee of people both from the Council and Study
Sections and from outside, if necessary, some biochemists, endocrinologists and other people that the staff would think were
suitable. I am thinking of possibly Pincus of Worcester and C. H. Lee of U. of California who are chemists -- to meet with
the people who are already getting our grants like Katz, Steiner, Kendall, Mann, Eder and Barr and others who have shown that
estrogens have some effect on arteriosclerosis in man or at least that they make favorable blood changes, Dr. Katz has some
evidence of this, some energetic program with substantial funds must be pursued in this particular field.
It seems to me there are leads here that were never here before, and it is one of the greatest things any human being could
do to solve this problem.
I think the talk of Dr. Wilkins was inspiring because it shows there were a number of drugs for the control of high blood
pressure. With more study and more evaluation of these drugs and others something very satisfactory for high blood pressure
can be found. I am very proud that we are supporting the work of Dr. Wilkins and Dr. Freis and others in this field.
I am also very anxious that something more be done in the field of cerebral vascular disease. There was a conference this
year held at Princeton and there are many possible leads, especially some work recorded by Dr. Foley and McDwitt and Dr. Wright
in treatment of cerebral arteriosclerosis when one had diagnosed thrombosis, with anti-coagulants. It seems to me, from the
number of people disabled by this disease, who are in mental health hospitals, who can't be kept at home because of disorientation
and loss of memory, that it is part of the Council's duty to do something about it, by specially encouraging research
workers in this field.
Another thing that I am very pleased about is that the Institute staff itself has prepared what has been considered by lay
men who have seen it a superb report, in very simple words and in very simple sentences, on the work of the various grantees
of the National Heart Institute, and on its intramural work. I find that members of the Council by some chance haven't
received it yet. It has been sent to the members of National Heart Committee, many of whom are lay men and to some of the
people in Congress who were interested, and they have been thrilled to find that they could understand what has been accomplished
without reading many long complicated pages and paragraphs.
DR. WATT: I think the record should show that this represents, first, the work of Mr. Lea Martin in reporting (What Progress
Against Heart Disease 1953), what progress in actual work. We provided with just a piece of paper -- looks something like
this (indicating). The next time we saw it, it looked like this (indicating). I think Mrs. Lasker is entirely too modest
when she gives us the credit that somewhere along the line someone had a very fine idea to put this into this form and also
to provide for what it took to get it in this form.
MRS. LASKER: I thank Dr. Watt, also want to thank Dr. White for his generous words and agree with him about what he says.