Biologists and biochemists during the 1940s and 1950s frequently shared their supplies of enzymes and other products of their
labs, as there was often no other source. In this letter to Waldo Cohn, Kornberg apologized for the quality of a previous
sample sent, and provided more specific information about its requirements.
Number of Image Pages:
2 (99,029 Bytes)
1950-02-24 (February 24, 1950)
Cohn, W. E.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Original Repository: Stanford University Libraries. Department of Special Collections and University Archives. Arthur Kornberg Papers
Reproduced with permission of Arthur Kornberg.
Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):
From Physician to Enzyme Hunter, 1942-1953
February 24, 1950
I am sorry about the poor results of those two preparations, since I feel partly to blame. The nicotinamide-ribose linkage
is very labile to alkali. Schlenk reports a 50 per cent destruction in 0.1 N NaOH at 20 degrees after 17 minutes. My own
experience enforces this observation. I would guess that the NMN at pH 11 was partially disintegrated. I will send you a
preparation that has the following history:
TPN of about 75 per cent purity was split by nucleotide pyrophosphatase in glyoylglycine buffer. The adenine moisties were
precipitated with lead acetate. The supernatant was decomposed with H2S and is the NMN preparation I am sending you. There
are approximately 20 cc., containing in micromoles per cc. 0.09 ortho P, 4.68 organic P, 4.55 pentose and 4.87 nicotinamide
nucleoside on the basis of U-V absorption (using Schlenk's coefficient of 5.0 x 10 [to the 6th] cms. [squared] x mole
[to the -1].
It would be a reasonable caution not to exceed pH 7. I would guess there are about 400 micromoles of glycylglycine in the
Concerning the riboflavin phosphate preparation, I can give you very little information since it is a commercial product prepared
by a synthetic method. We tested for its activity as a coenzyme for cytochrome reductase (Horecker's liver preparation)
and found it almost as active as material obtained from enzymatic cleavage of FAD. There was a suggestion of an inhibitory
effect, and I would not be surprised if it were not a homogeneous product.
The TPN adenosine diphosphate split is nil. I set about to prepare some for you and discovered that the TPN preparation which
had been purified to the point where the phosphate content was theoretical (although it was only 75 per cent pure in terms
of dry weight) had now deteriorated to a purity of only 58 per cent. This means, of course, that cleavage of such a preparation
would very likely yield a mixture of adenine nucleotides, although I have no clear notion of the basis for the deterioration
of the TPN. Since our data for establishing the identity of the TPN nucleotide with your adenylic seems fairly complete,
there is no immediate need to go to the painful lengths of preparing more TPN of high purity (It took us over two months get
a few hundred milligrams). If you are willing to work with the preparation which might contain only 50-75 per cent of its
adenine in the form of "adenosine diphosphate," I will be very happy to work some up for you. This will be very little
I have had several opportunities to run mixtures of adenosine monophosphates on Dowex 1 columns according to your description,
and it is uncanny how precise the duplication is. It is really an elegant technique.
Please give my best regards to Nick; and I will write him soon about some of our recent results.