On Degenerate Templates and the Adaptor Hypothesis: A Note for the RNA Tie Club


Title:
On Degenerate Templates and the Adaptor Hypothesis: A Note for the RNA Tie Club
Description:
In this, one of the most important unpublished articles in the history of science, Crick predicted the existence of adaptor molecules and enzymes for each of the twenty common amino acids. These adaptors, which were in fact found shortly thereafter and were later named transfer RNA, were essential in assembling amino acids into the polypeptide chains of which proteins consist. Moreover, Crick here introduced the concept of a "degenerate" genetic code, meaning a code in which more than one combination of DNA bases could specify a particular amino acid, as was later shown to be the case.. The RNA Tie Club was a group of twenty molecular biologists (one for each amino acid) chosen by the physicist and cosmologist George Gamow in 1953 to stimulate the exchange of ideas about the nature of the genetic code.
Extent:
18 pages
Date Created:
1955
Creator:
Crick, Francis, 1916-2004
Source:
Original Repository. Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine. Francis Harry Compton Crick Papers. 11646. URL. http://archives.wellcome.ac.uk/
Original Repository:
The Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine. Francis Harry Compton Crick Papers
Right Type:
Permission Granted - No Conditions
Right Statement:
Reproduced with permission of the Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine. and http://library.wellcome.ac.uk/
Subject:
Genetic Code and RNA
Profiles in Science ID:
SCBBGF
NLM ID:
101584582X73
Genre:
Articles
Language:
English
Format:
Text
Location:
Box: 72. Folder: PP/CRI/H/1/38