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The Marshall W. Nirenberg Papers

Title:
Laboratory project: "Acetylcholine Receptors" pdf (230,527 Bytes) transcript of pdf
Laboratory project: "Acetylcholine Receptors"
Description:
Summary of work on this project as indicated on the report: "Our aim is to study the distribution of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in intact and cultured tissues of the peripheral and central nervous system in relationship to the development and function of synapses. To this purpose histochemical localization of alpha-bungarotoxin bound to the receptors is used in conjunction with light and electron microscopy. In the past year we have studied the ultrastructural distribution of receptors on cultured skeletal muscle fibers and have initiated the following investigations: 1) location and characterization of synapses formed by neuroblastoma hybrid cells in culture 2) modification of histochemical methods in order to permit ultrastructural analysis of receptor distribution in the central nervous system and 3) analysis of the distribution of receptors in the visual system of the goldfish with relationship to optic nerve damage and regeneration."
Item is a photocopy.
Number of Image Pages:
3 (230,527 Bytes)
Date:
1976-09 (September 1976)
Creator:
Daniels, Mathew P.
Nirenberg, Marshall W.
Nelson, Phillip
Christian, Clifford
Maloney, G.
Vogel, Zvi
National Heart and Lung Institute. Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics
Rights:
This item is in the public domain. It may be used without permission.
Exhibit Categories:
From Neuroblastoma to Homeobox Genes, 1976-1992
Neuroblastoma Research, 1967-1976
Relation:
Metadata Record Annual Report of the Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics, October 1, 1975 - September 30, 1976 (September 1976)
Box Number:
31 of 31
Unique Identifier:
JJBBNZ
Accession Number:
2001-020
Document Type:
Reports
Excerpts
Language:
English
Format:
application/pdf
image/tif
Physical Condition:
Good
Transcript:
Project Number: Z01 HL 00001-05 LBG
Period Covered: July 1, 1975 through June 30, 1976
Title of Project: Acetylcholine Receptors
Names, Laboratory and Institute Affiliations, and Titles of Principal Investigations and All Other Professional Personnel Engaged on the Project:
PI: Mathew P. Daniels, Staff Fellow, LBG NHLI
OTHER: Marshall W. Nirenberg, Chief, Lab of Biochem. Genetics, LBG NHLI
P. Nelson, Chief, Behavioral Biology Branch, LBG NHLI
C. Christian, Special Fellow, BB NICHD
G. Maloney, NIH Postdoctoral Fellow, LBG NHLI
Zvi Vogel, Assistant Professor, Weizmann Institute
Cooperating Units (if any):
Behavioral Biology Branch, NICHD
Neurobiology Unit, Weizmann Institute of Science
Lab/Branch: Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics
Section: Section on Molecular Biology
Institute and Location: NHLI, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland 20014
Total Man Years: 2.0
Professional: 1.5
Other: 0.5
Summary of Work: Our aim is to study the distribution of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in intact and cultured tissues of the peripheral and central nervous system in relationship to the development and function of synapses. To this purpose histochemical localization of a-bungarotoxin bound to the receptors is used in conjunction with light and electron microscopy. In the past year we have studied the ultrastructural distribution of receptors on cultured skeletal muscle fibers and have initiated the following investigations: 1) location and characterization of synapses formed by neuroblastoma hybrid cells in culture 2) modification of histochemical methods in order to permit ultrastructural analysis of receptor distribution in the central nervous system and 3) analysis of the distribution of receptors in the visual system of the goldfish with relationship to optic nerve damage and regeneration.
Project Description:
Objectives: Investigators in this laboratory and others have utilized 125I labeled alpha-bungarotoxin (alphaBT) as a label for nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in intact and cultured skeletal muscle, and in embryonic and mature retina. The objectives of this study were to devise a histochemical technique of greater sensitivity and resolution for localizing bound alphaBT and to apply this technique to studying the ultrastructural distribution of acetylcholine receptors in the peripheral and central nervous system during development, in culture, and in the mature state.
Methods Employed: We have employed indirect immunoperoxidase staining of cryostat sectioned, teased, or monolayered cultured materials to which alphaBT has been bound. These materials are subsequently examined by light and electron microscopy.
Major Findings: Acetylcholine receptor-rich regions on the surface of muscle fibers grown in culture had previously been observed by light microscope autoradiography with [125I]-labeled alphaBT. The appearance of these regions could be explained either by (1) the localized presence of complex folds in the plasma membrane or (2) a high local concentration of receptors in the plasma membrane, unrelated to membrane folding. Using the alphaBT-iummunoperoxidase technique with light- and electronmicroscopy we have shown that hypothesis 2 is correct; the plasma membranes of these regions contain at least 7 times the concentration of receptors found in other regions, with no distinctions in cell surface topography.
Significance to Biomedical Research: Knowledge of ultrastructural distribution of acetylcholine receptor is of clear importance in any attempt to understand the role of neurotransmitters and their receptors in the function and development of the nervous system. The alpha-bungarotoxin-immunoperoxidase technique already has shown promise for the diagnosis and analysis of mechanisms in human neuromuscular disorders.
Proposed Course: (1) We are using the alphaBT-immunoperoxidase technique to help locate and characterize the ultrastructure of synapses which have been detected electrophysiologically in cultures of neuroblastoma hybrid cells with skeletal muscle fibers. (2) We are developing new reagents to adapt the histochemical technique to ultrastrucutral visualization of acetylcholine receptor sites in mature and developing central nervous system tissues. (3) We plan to study the distribution of acetylcholine receptors in the visual system of the goldfish with relationship to the destruction and reformation of synapses during optic nerve degeneration and regeneration.
Publications:
1. Ringel, S. P., Bender, A. N., Festoff, B. W., Engel, W. K., Vogel, Z. and Daniels, M. P.: Ultrastructural demonstration and analytical application of extrajunctional receptors of denervated human and rat skeletal muscle fibres. Nature 255: 730-731, 1975.
2. Vogel, Z. and Daniels, M. P.: The ultrastructure of acetylcholine receptor clusters on cultured muscle fibers. J. Cell Biol. 69: in press.
3. Vogel, Z. and Daniels, M. P.: The acetylcholine receptor of intact and cultured chicken retina cells. Proc. VI Int. Cong. Pharmacol. Vol. 1 Receptors and Cellular Pharmacology. Pergamon Press, New York, 1976, pp. 59-66.
Metadata Last Modified Date:
2010-10-04
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