NKx-1, a Mouse Homeobox Gene Expressed in Part of the Nervous System and Mesoderm
This abstract for the Society for Neurobiology details work on finding homologs for Drosophila homeobox genes using the polymerase
chain reaction (PCR) technique. PCR is used to amplify the number of copies of a specific region of DNA in order to produce
enough DNA to be adequately tested. Major findings from early work with mouse homeobox are included.
NOTE: The keywords in the black box at bottom of page are: "1. Transcription 2. Embryo 3. DNA 4. Hindbrain." The
second black box contains Marshall Nirenberg's signature, printed name and office phone number.
Item is a photocopy.
Number of Image Pages:
1 (132,614 Bytes)
1993-05-03 (May 3, 1993)
Nirenberg, Marshall W.
This item is in the public domain. It may be used without permission.
First (Presenting) Author: Alessandra Cecilia Rovescalli
Lab. Biochemical Genetics, NHLBI
NIH, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bldg. 36, room 1C06
Bethesda, MD 20892
Fax: (301) 402-0270
Office: (301) 496-3551
Home: (301) 718-6582
Presentation Preference: Poster
Themes and Topics:
1st theme title: Devel. & Regeneration, etc.
Theme letter: A
1st topic title: Molecular & Pharmacol. Correlates of Development
Topic number: 17
2nd theme title: Develop. & Regen., etc.
Theme letter: A
2nd topic title: Pattern Formation, etc.
Topic number: 16
NKx-I, A Mouse Homeobox Gene Expressed In Part Of The Nervous System And Mesoderm. A. C. Rovescalli*, Y. Kim**, S. Kim**,
J. Ferrante*, and M. Nirenberg*. Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics* and Laboratory of Molecular Cardiology**, National Heart,
Lung and Blood Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20692
The Drosophila NK-1 homeobox gene (S59 is a synonym) is expressed during embryonic development in a subset of neurons in the
CNS and a subset of founder mus cells (Kim, Y. and Nirenberg, M., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 86, 7716 (1989), and Dohmann, C.,
Azpiazu, N., and Frasch, M., Genes and Develop. 4, 2098 (1990)). Oligodeoxynucleotides corresponding to sequences in the NK-1
homeobox were used as primers with honeybee, salmon, Xenopus, mouse, or rat genomic DNA to amplify homologs of the NK-l homeobox
by PCR. Amplified DNA fragments were cloned and sequenced and all were shown to encode part of an NK-l-like homeodomain.
The rat homeobox fragment was used as a probe to screen a mouse genomic DNA library at low stringency. A 15 kb genomic DNA
clone was obtained, and 8 kb was sequenced. The ded amino acid sequence of the mouse homeodomain differs from the Drosophila
NK-1 homeodomain by only 3 of 60 amino acid residues; therefore, the mouse gene was named NKx-1. Both NKx-1 and NK-1 proteins
contain an acidic region before the homeodomain. Southern analysis showed that the mouse genome contains only one NKx-1 gene.
NKx-1 poly A+ RNA was detected by PCR and RNase protection in 10-18 day mouse embryos; the abundance of NKx-1 poly A+ RNA
is highest in 10 day embryos; then progressively decreases. Northern analysis of poly A+ RNA from adults revealed 1 major
band of NKx-1 poly A+ RNA in brain RNA and trace bands in RNA from testes and spleen. Sections of 14 day mouse embryos were
subjected to in situ hybridization and autoradiography. NKx-1 RNA was found in discrete regions of the mesencephalon and myelencephalon;
NKx-1 RNA also was found in spinal cord, vertebrae, and ribs. These results show that the mouse NKx-1 gene encodes a homeodomain
that is closely related that of Drosophila NK-1, and is expressed during embryonic development in part of the nervous system,
in some mesodermal tissues, and in adult brain.