After the U.S. entered World War I, Dr. Sawyer accepted a commission as a major in the Medical Reserve Corps in December 1917.
In January 1918, he moved to Washington DC to take up his duties in the Venereal Disease Section of the Surgeon General's
Office, leaving his family behind in California. In June, after returning from a few days of vacation with his family in Michigan,
he received orders to go to Newport News, Virginia, to serve as Supervisor of Non-Military Activities. In this post he was
the military liaison with local authorities concerned with keeping order in a town full of new army recruits. Sawyer's
military service was his first extended separation from his wife and children (though not his last); his affectionate letters
show that he missed them greatly, but also provide extensive commentary on life in the Washington area during the war, and
on various activities of military and civilian public health organizations.
Item is handwritten.
Number of Image Pages:
11 (803,227 Bytes)
23 June 1918
Sawyer, Wilbur A.
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Medical Subject Headings (MeSH):
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Early Career in California and World War I, 1908-1919
You're a dear Old Sweetheart, and I wish I could be with you while the children are sick,--and always. Your letter came
this morning, and I was very sorry to learn that little Gertrude was so unhappy with the measles. I hope you can protect
little Ruth, but I presume it is improbable that she will escape. I am glad you are nearer than California, anyway. We can
write with less delay, and I could come to Harbor Springs in any emergency.
If Gertrude's temperature was not above 101.8 by rectum, she is probably not having a very severe case. Don't you
remember how prostrated Peggy was when she had some infection, probably intestinal, at the time we feared diphtheria? I hope
that Gertrude will be feeling fine by the time this letter arrives.
Dear Margaret! I am glad you wish I were around. It makes me almost sick to think of your taking so much of the load of
our "partnership," as
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Major Snow would call it. I don't think "partnership" expresses it, but I wish I could do more of my share.
I hope that you never feel that I am running away from my responsibilities. I hope I am filling them better by the work I
am doing, even if it has pulled up our roots and kept us moving over the earth. It has taken us to beautiful places--Chicago
and Harbor Springs--beautiful partly because you were there, and I know my Margaret is a game sport and likes to play the
whole game as far as her husband's limitations permit.
I am planning to wire you when I get to a telegraph station in the morning. I want you to know that I care, even if I can't
Measles, according to laboratory experiments and Harold Gray, are infectious about 5 days, possibly 8, after the beginning
of the eruption, but I think I would not let the children come in contact with others until they seemed well and had no distinct
eruption, probably two weeks after eruption began. The trouble will be that Peggy and Ruth will probably come down after
the incubation period is over. The period is about two weeks, or a little more, I believe.
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If the boric acid wash is warmed, I think Gertrude would not fight it so hard. It's the chill of the cold solution that
makes it such a shock to her.
Pneumonia, with measles, would probably be an extension of the cough and cold that goes with measles, but it might be more
insidious. A person with pneumonia would breathe very rapidly, cough, and be prostrated. Now don't count her respirations
every few minutes and get worried. You know children breathe faster than adults and the respirations run high with fever.
Excuse me, sweet Medico, for repeating facts so well known to you. I wish I were with you so you would not feel quite so
much anxiety and responsibility. I hope the Doctor is good and has your confidence.
I am glad Peg loved the good-night stories. I hope they were silly enough to amuse you and not sufficiently foolish to lower
me in your estimation. I live and work largely for your plaudits, Old Darling.
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I wish I could call back my brief note of last evening, written when I was so tired, and sleepy. I had been asked to grade
the officers of rank below me in my section, and I knew I would have to sit up and do it, if it was to be finished before
my change of station today. I had to learn the method first,--one of these wonderful attempts to gain accuracy by eliminating
the thinking process. You think of ten men one or two grades in rank above the persons in question. Then you make five separate
lists or standards by selecting for each list five of the men who are best, worst, and in between, for each of the attributes
considered, e.g. physical characteristics, intelligence, etc. Then you take the name of the person to be graded and match
him up to persons of equal quality in the key, and read off the grade. The five grades are added for total grade, and the
figures are recorded on a wonderful card containing history, etc. They now have our histories, pictures, fingerprints, etc.
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I think we are quite thoroughly identified, but they want us to wear two metal tags around our necks before we go overseas.
Victor had his on when he returned from the bathroom this morning. I suppose he wanted to have his body identified if he
was drowned in the tub.
By the way, I have been appointed a member of the "Committee on Health" of the National Conference of Social Workers
for a term of two years. Hermann Biggs is Chairman. It will do no harm, and may possibly do some good. It is a big organization,
but its health section has been rather inactive.
On Friday I dined at the same table with a colored man. This will have to be kept dark from the Atlanta relatives and the
citizens of Newport News. Capt. and Mrs. Spingarn invited me to dinner with Mr. Du Bois, editor of the Negro magazine "The
Crisis." Mr. Du Bois is a Harvard man with PhD. from Germany. He is black but has fine features, not Ethiopian in type.
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Mrs. Spingarn said she would help try find a house if desired.
Grace's sister Mary got her passport all right and I wired her to that effect.
I am enclosing a picture for little Gertrude and her mother.
Blythe is still staying with us. He will take my bed. When he goes home, Meads will move upstairs and room with Victor.
Blythe is trying to sell some photographic apparatus to the gov't and is wiring to bring out the inventor to demonstrate
it, so I think he will be here ten days more at least.
I feel as though I were entering on another era of the work. I am moving bag and baggage to Newport News to start more intensive
work in a limited area. Everybody is kind enough to talk as though I were being played as a trump card in a very difficult
situation. But I am not scared, although I realize fully that the first few weeks of such an assignment, are much less pleasant
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than interesting. I am promised backing from so many sources, that I will be left busy thinking up things to ask for. The
army, the shipping board, the Training Camp Commission, and the Red Cross, and Public Health Service all want to help, and
I am to be the peace maker and organizer and publisher of results. So here goes!
It was a strenuous matter to clear my desk, break in Meads, pack, and move in the few days between my trip and change of station.
But it has been accomplished. I think Meads is happier and begins to see the possibilities in his job.
I take it Gertrude, Sr., will embark on a similar adventurous career in a few days. I took Meads over to introduce him at
the Tr. Camp Commission before I left and I found Mrs. Rippin there.
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She said Mrs. Falconer had wanted to wire Gertrude a few days ago, but had lost her address. I gave Mrs. Rippen the address
at Idylwilde for wires or letters. I think they want Gertrude and may wire her to hurry up or else wire to keep track of
her. If Gertrude has not written at all, I think she should write to Mrs. Martha Falconer, War Dept Commission on Training
Camp Activities, 19th and G. Sts, Washington, D.C. She may wish to write Mrs. Rippin at the same address, but that is not
Major Snow asked me last evening if I would like to have Gertrude as a secretary or assistant in the Newport News experiment.
I did not encourage the idea very much because I thought Gertrude would rather work for someone she didn't know so well.
Besides I hope Mrs. Falconer will find a better job than helping me.
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I wish you were near enough so that you could run down occasionally after, or between, the measles. It would do me a lot
of good to have a little encouragement. You have been so inspiring when you have talked to me about my adventures. You are
so much wiser and even-tempered than I,--and so kindly to me and my schemes. After you have approved of them, they just have
I am so glad that we had a honeymoon together in the transition between the two pieces of work. "All work and no play
makes Jack a dull boy." I need recreation, and I seem to depend on you almost entirely for it. Unless you share my pleasures,
they are never complete. If you do, the simplest movie becomes grand opera.
So I hope you will look with favor on my new detail, and will
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come down on the boat with me sometime. There was a beautiful sunset, and soon afterward there was a fine big moon. But
what fun was there sitting out without you? So I came in and wrote a letter,--this epistle of unnecessary length.
There will probably be money forthcoming for office, stenographic service, automobile, etc., for carrying on the work. 35,000
dollars will be available during one year from Rockefeller Foundation in addition to much greater sums being spent by various
agencies on the ground. The commission is transferring the personnel so as to give me good workers.
So, Dear Love, I am being tried out again. I know you will love me whether I succeed or fail, but I think you will love me
more if I succeed. So I must have success at all costs!
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Until you get a definite address from me write me c/o Col. Chas. Lynch, Surgeon of Port of Embarkation, Newport News, Va.
Prof. Charles Gilman Hyde has received a commission as Captain and has been sent to Fort Oglethorpe. Herms is at Newport
News, and so are Maj. and Mrs. Cumming.
Tell little Gertrude that her Papa loves her and is sorry she is sick. Tell her a story for me.
Good night, dear Margaret. I am going to go to bed in the "lower shelf" and lie here, listening to the lapping of
the waves, and thinking of you, until sleep comes, and I dream you are really with me,--and am supremely happy.